San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
4.69M
0.706% 1-year decline
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
39.7
1.02% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
8.61%
2.04% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$129,315
9.08% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$1.07M
15% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
2.47M
0.953% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA had a population of 4.69M people with a median age of 39.7 and a median household income of $129,315. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA declined from 4.73M to 4.69M, a −0.706% decrease and its median household income grew from $118,547 to $129,315, a 9.08% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA are White (Non-Hispanic) (37.2%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (27.3%), Other (Hispanic) (10.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.96%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (5.42%).

None of the households in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

87% of the residents in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA are University of California-Berkeley (15,215 degrees awarded in 2022), San Francisco State University (122597) (7,737 degrees), and California State University-East Bay (4,942 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was $1.07M, and the homeownership rate was 55.4%.

Most people in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 32.6 minutes. The average car ownership in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: De Young Museum of Art in Golden Gate Park

Population & Diversity

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA is home to a population of 4.69M people, from which 87% are citizens. As of 2022, 30.8% of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA residents were born outside of the country (1.45M people).

In 2022, there were 1.36 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.74M people) in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.28M Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 488k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

87%
2022 Citizenship
87%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 87% of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was 87%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    1.74M ± 2.78k
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    1.28M ± 4.21k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    488k ± 9.32k
22%
Hispanic Population
1.03M people

In 2022, there were 1.36 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.74M people) in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.28M Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 488k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

22% of the people in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA are hispanic (1.03M people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for California.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,899,021 ± 46,015 people
  2. Philippines
    824,230 ± 22,055 people
  3. China
    685,370 ± 20,148 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 3,899,021 California residents, followed by Philippines with 824,230 and China with 685,370.

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Foreign-Born Population

30.8%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.45M people
30.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.45M people

As of 2022, 30.8% of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA residents (1.45M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was 30.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    46,092 ± 1,417
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    25,005 ± 1,591
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    15,978 ± 939

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA employs 2.47M people. The largest industries in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (415,707 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (315,283 people), and Retail Trade (224,689 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($146,071), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($131,378), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($127,966).

Males in California have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $75,777. The income inequality in California (measured using the Gini index) is 0.498, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

2.47M
2022 Value
± 13,003
−0.953%
1 Year decline
± 0.75%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA declined at a rate of −0.953%, from 2.5M employees to 2.47M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, are Management Occupations (366,004 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (223,146 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (212,712 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

2.47M
2022 Value
± 13,003
−0.953%
1 Year decline
± 0.75%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA declined at a rate of −0.953%, from 2.5M employees to 2.47M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (415,707 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (315,283 people), and Retail Trade (224,689 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, though some of these residents may live in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$80,289
Median earning men ± $700
$61,114
Median earning women ± $697

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($168,783), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($125,706), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($123,356).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($116,689), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($92,917), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($90,926).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
2.57%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 17.9M people employed in California. This represents a 2.57% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 58,561
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 35,380
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 30,082
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA awarded 72,770 degrees. The student population of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 112,427 male students and 151,222 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA are Asian (18,669 and 28.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (18,516 and 28.1%), White (15,960 and 24.3%), and Black or African American (4,188 and 6.36%).

The largest universities in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA by number of degrees awarded are University of California-Berkeley (15,215 and 20.9%), San Francisco State University (122597) (7,737 and 10.6%), and California State University-East Bay (4,942 and 6.79%).

The most popular majors in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (5,964 and 8.2%), General Business Administration & Management (5,436 and 7.47%), and General Psychology (2,329 and 3.2%).

The median tuition costs in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA are $22,700 for private four year colleges, and $5,742 and $17,622 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 35.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 17.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 263,649 (42.6% men and 57.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 263,649 students enrolled in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, 42.6% men and 57.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 74,784 records, of which 60.7% were women and 39.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 2,943 degrees awarded
  2. 1,457 degrees awarded
  3. 1,417 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was General Business Administration & Management with 2,943 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 15,215 degrees awarded
  2. 7,737 degrees awarded
  3. 4,942 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of California-Berkeley with 15,215 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 27,995 men were awarded degrees from institutions in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, which is 0.625 times less than the 44,775 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Asian students. These 18,669 degrees mean that there were 1.01 times more degrees awarded to Asian students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 18,516 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($22,700) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,525) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private for-profit, 2-year ($2,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Measure

In 2022, 2.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.26% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Some college (6.9M), High School or Equivalent (6.8M), and Bachelors Degree (6.36M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was $1.07M in 2022, which is 3.81 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $933,300 to $1.07M, a 15% increase. The homeownership rate in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA is 55.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA have an average commute time of 32.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA is $129,315. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was Santa Clara County, CA with a value of $153,792, followed by San Mateo County, CA and Marin County, CA, with respective values of $149,907 and $142,019.

Property

$1.07M
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,696
$954,768
Median Property Taxes
±$6,854

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

55.4%
Homeownership
2022
69.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 55.4% of the housing units in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 55.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was Santa Clara County, CA with a value of $153,792, followed by San Mateo County, CA and Marin County, CA, with respective values of $149,907 and $142,019.

The following map shows all of the counties in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$129,315
Median Household Income
± $1,072
1.72M
Number of Households
± 9,379

In 2022, the median household income of the 1.72M households in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA grew to $129,315 from the previous year's value of $118,547.

The following chart displays the households in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA is from California.
0.498
2022 Wage GINI in California
0.497
2021 Wage GINI in California

In 2022, the income inequality in California was 0.498 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (51.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (20.3%)
  3. Public Transit (11.8%)

In 2022, 51.9% of workers in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (20.3%) and those who used public transit to get to work (11.8%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

32.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA have a longer commute time (32.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 4.55% of the workforce in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

8.61% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA (399k out of 4.63M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 75+.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96% of the population of San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA has health coverage, with 57.2% on employee plans, 14.8% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 0.504% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 20.7% under 18 years, 22% between 18 and 34 years, 41.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.2% were men and 50.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.04%
Uninsured
57.2%
Employer Coverage
14.8%
Medicaid
11.1%
Medicare
12.3%
Non-Group
0.504%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA declined by 2.61% from 4.15% to 4.04%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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